TIPS FOR PREVENTION OF BACTERIA AND INFECTIONS
wash bacteria and infections out of your body
pineapples because, it helps in making vagina healthy
of soap. Clean water alone is enough.
night and take a cup of lemon with warm water every morning after brushing to
avoid mouth odor/ mouth infection.
change it when it full.
everyday especially when you’re menstruating.
always at least once in two months.
TIPS PROTECT AGAINST BACTERIA, VIRUSES AND INFECTIONS
Infectious agents: From bacteria to worms
Infectious agents come in many shapes and sizes. Categories include:
Bacteria are single-celled organisms visible only under a microscope. They’re so little that a thousand of them might fit over the end of a pencil eraser if they were lined up end to end. Not all bacteria are dangerous; in fact, certain bacteria in your body are beneficial. Lactobacillus acidophilus, for example, is a beneficial bacterium that lives in your intestines and aids digestion, as well as destroying disease-causing organisms and providing nutrients.
Toxins are strong compounds produced by disease-causing bacteria that harm cells and make you sick. Other bacteria can infiltrate and destroy tissues directly. Bacterial infections include the following:
- Strep throat
- Urinary tract infections
Viruses are a fraction of the size of cells. In fact, viruses are little more than genetically modified capsules. Viruses infiltrate cells in your body and hijack the machinery that keeps them functioning in order to proliferate. During this procedure, host cells are frequently killed.
Viruses are responsible for causing many diseases, including:
- Common cold
- Genital herpes
- Chickenpox and shingles
- Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Antibiotics designed for bacteria have no effect on viruses.
Fungi come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and people eat a variety of them. Molds that generate the blue or green veins in some types of cheese are fungus, as are mushrooms. Yeast, a type of fungus, is also required in the production of most forms of bread.
Other fungus can make you sick. Candida, for example, is a yeast that can cause infection. In babies, persons using antibiotics, and those with a weakened immune system, Candida can cause thrush, a mouth and throat infection. Fungi are also to blame for skin problems like athlete’s foot and ringworm.
Protozoans are single-celled organisms that hunt and gather other microorganisms for food, much like small animals. Many protozoans are found in your intestine and are completely safe. Others, for example, produce disorders such as:
Food, dirt, water, and insects are all common places for protozoans to spend part of their lives outside of people or other hosts. Some protozoans enter your body through the food or water you consume. Malaria protozoans, for example, enter your body through mosquito bites.
Helminths are among the larger parasites. The word “helminth” comes from the Greek word for worm. If these parasites — or their eggs — enter your body, they settle in your intestinal tract, lungs, liver, skin or brain, where they live off your body’s nutrients. Helminths include tapeworms and roundworms.
Understanding infection vs. disease
There’s a difference between infection and disease. Infection, often the first step, occurs when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that cause disease enter your body and begin to multiply. Disease occurs when the cells in your body are damaged — as a result of the infection — and signs and symptoms of an illness appear.
In response to infection, your immune system springs into action. An army of white blood cells, antibodies and other mechanisms goes to work to rid your body of whatever is causing the infection. For instance, in fighting off the common cold, your body might react with fever, coughing and sneezing.
Warding off germs and infection
What’s the best way to stay disease-free? Prevent infections. You can prevent many infections and avoid spreading infections through simple tactics such as these:
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Cover coughs and sneezes.
- Avoid touching your face.
- Stay home if you’re sick.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces that are touched often.
- Avoid contaminated food and water.
You can also prevent infections through:
Hand-washing. Handwashing is one of the simplest and most efficient ways to protect oneself against germs and most diseases, but it is often forgotten. Hands should be washed for at least 20 seconds with soap and water. Before preparing or eating food, coughing or sneezing, changing a diaper, or using the restroom, wash your hands. When soap and water aren’t accessible, alcohol-based hand sanitizing gels containing at least 60% alcohol can help.
Vaccines. For some diseases, vaccination is your best line of defense. The list of diseases that can be prevented by vaccines continues to rise as researchers learn more about what causes disease. Vaccines are administered to children at a young age. Adults, on the other hand, still require immunizations to protect themselves from diseases including tetanus, influenza, and COVID-19.
Medicines. Some antibiotics provide short-term protection against some bacteria. If you travel to or live in a high-risk location, for example, taking an anti-parasitic medicine may prevent you from contracting malaria.
When to seek medical care
Seek medical care if you suspect that you have an infection and you have experienced:
- An animal or a human bite
- Difficulty breathing
- A cough lasting longer than a week
- Periods of rapid heartbeat
- A rash, especially if it’s accompanied by a fever
- Blurred vision or other difficulty seeing
- Persistent vomiting
- An unusual or severe headache
Your health care provider can perform diagnostic tests to find out whether you’re infected, how serious the infection is and how best to treat that infection.