patients, the National Human Rights Commission stated that no COVID-19 patient
should be forced into isolation or treatment centers, adding that the use of
force should be the last resort.
Minimum Guidelines for the Protection of the Rights of COVID-19 Patients
provided by the Commission by its Executive Secretary, Mr. Tony Ojukwu, in
Abuja, on Wednesday.
were released “following incessant violations of patient’s rights in
treatment centers in some parts of the world, resulting in protests and some
“commission shall regularly monitor and report on the implementation of
these Standard Minimum Guidelines.”
the patients, the document states, ‘No patient shall be forcibly taken to the
centers or any other location or subjected to any kind of physical restraint
during transport or for the purpose of testing or treatment.
is only a matter of last resort, and caution must be taken not to inflict
physical harm to the patient.”
transported from their homes to the centre, such patients shall be accorded
their rights to dignity and privacy and shall be treated with the utmost
respect and compassion.”
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patients’ rights to privacy, the Guidelines also aim to protect, among other
things, patients’ rights to appropriate and timely medical information;
equality and non-discrimination; the integrity of the individual, mental
well-being and staff of the treatment centers and access to ‘safe and secure
accommodation in the centers.”
patient’s rights to access to nutritious food and clean drinking water, privacy
and confidentiality, religious observances as well as access to communication
protection and guarantees for vulnerable groups, such as older persons,
children and infants, persons with disabilities, and persons in Intensive Care
trials, the Center shall ensure that any patient involved in a clinical trial
gives written consent in the presence of an informed family member or legal
“detailed explanation of possible side effects and consequences of
clinical or drug trials for patients” and that the health authorities and
the Center must obtain written consent from the patients and their informed
family member or legal representative prior to the extraction or donation of
body tissue for experiments or further treatment of COVID-19.
Executive Secretary of the Commission, Ojukwu, stated that the guidelines were
issued in accordance with the Commission’s mandate to protect and promote human
rights in accordance with its Act of Establishment.
health authorities at the federal and state levels for the efforts already made
to establish facilities in the centers and for other palliative measures.
place processes to enforce the Basic Minimum Guidelines.